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One Person Company to Private Limited Company Conversion Process

Step 1
Calculate your assets
Step 2
Get the assets
Step 3
File conversion application
Step 4
Get approval
Step 5
Conversion complete

Convert One Person Company to Private Limited Company in India

OPC and PLC

One Person Company (OPC) is a business entity run by a sole owner with the benefit of limited liability. One Person Company is a separate legal entity from its members, offering protection to its shareholders. Every One Person Company must nominate a member for the Directorial position in the MoA and AoA in the absence of the prime director.

Private Limited Company, or LTD or PLC, is a privately-held company. This implies that the business limits owner liability to its shares and limits the number of shareholders to 50. It also restricts shareholders from trading shares publicly.

Advantages of a Private Limited Company (PLC)

Limited Liability

The liability of shareholders is limited to their shares. Financial risks are a part of the business, but minimizing them and sustaining the business's progress is imperative. In an LTD, if due for any reason, the company were to be shut down, the shareholders would not risk losing their personal assets.

Minimized Takeover Risks

The risk of takeovers is minimized when two shareholders trade shares, as the selling and buying of shares are possible only when both parties have given their consent.

Incorporated Entity

Private limited companies are incorporated. Hence it continues to exist even if the owner dies.

Ease in Capital Raising

The capital or options of raising business investment is not restricted to one person, which is the case in One Person Company.

No Taxes on Dividends

Private Limited Companies pay corporate tax on their profits. Dividends that the shareholders receive are not taxed. Taxes are determined as per their personal income tax rate.

Hiring Qualified Personnel

Private limited companies can attract high-caliber employees that greatly help the company's growth.

 

Eligibility Criteria to One Person Company to Private Limited Company in India

Before you're allowed to One Person Company to a Private Limited Company, you must fit the following criteria

  • There should be at least two directors
  • There should be at least two shareholders
  • The paid-up share capital should be more than INR 50 lakhs.
  • If the paid-up share capital is not more than INR 50 lakhs, the average annual turnover within 2 months should be more than 2 crores.

 

Documents Required for converting a One Person Company to a Private Limited Company in India

 Mandatory Conversion: What makes a conversion mandatory?

The conversion of One Person Company to a Private Limited Company becomes mandatory when

  • The paid capital of a One Person Company exceeds Rs.50 lakhs
  • Increase in the average annual turnover during the period of three consecutive financial years is Rs.2 crores.

The following documents are then required for the conversion:

E-Form INC 5

Copy of the Resolution is needed to be filed with the Registrar of Companies with the following attachments:

  • Certified true copy of Board Resolution
  • Latest Balance Sheet with other Financial Statements
  • Certificate from a Chartered Accountant for calculation of average turnover during the relevant period

 E-Form INC 6

Application for the conversion of Private Limited Company to One Person Company with the following necessary attachments:

  • List of all members and creditors
  • Latest balance sheet
  • Letter of 'No Objection' from the members and creditors
  • Letter of Consent from the Directors by way of affidavit

Voluntary Conversion: What makes a conversion voluntary?

The conversion of a One Person Company to a Private Limited Company can be voluntarily done when the One Person Company completes two years from the date of incorporation.

The following documents are then required for the conversion.

E-Form MGT 14

Copy of the Special Resolution is needed to be filed with the Registrar of Companies with the following attachments:

  • Notice of Extra General Meeting (EGM), held to gain the approval of Directors for the conversion of the Private Limited Company to One Person Company.
  • Certified true copy of Special Resolution
  • Altered Memorandum of Association
  • Altered Articles of Association
  • Certified true copy of the Board Resolution is optional

 E-Form INC 6

Application for the conversion of Private Limited Company to One Person Company with the following necessary attachments:

  • List of all members and creditors
  • Latest balance sheet
  • Letter of 'No Objection' from the members and creditors
  • Letter of Consent from the Directors by way of affidavit

 

Process for converting One Person Company to a Private Limited Company in India

The process to convert an OPC to a private limited company is as follows:

Intimating the Registrar

Intimate the Registrar of Companies that you now require to convert your One Person Company into a Private Limited Company on a voluntary or mandatory basis.

Appointing the Director

Appoint at least one Director to head the company alongside you. They can also act as your co-shareholder.

Convene a General Meeting

Organize a general body meeting and pass the resolution to raise the paid-up capital of your company (in case it's needed).

Passing the Board Resolution for the Conversion

Pass a board resolution to change the Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association.

Obtain NOC from the Creditors

Convene a general body meeting and obtain "No objection" from your company's creditors.

Draft new MoA and AoA

Make changes to the Memorandum of Association as well as Articles of Association.

File the Conversion Application online

File the online e-form via the online MCA portal to start the process of company conversion.

 

Our Assistance to convert your One Person Company to a Private Limited Company in India

We at Registrationwala provide end-to-end solutions for conversion from One Person Company to a Private Limited Company. Our services include:

  • Assistance with Director's appointment.
  • Assistance with acquiring the NOC
  • Doing the necessary tasks needed to alter MOA and AOA.
  • Filing the application for conversion.
  • Reviewing the application and making changes if needed
  • Ensuring that your business entity is converted as per your requirement.

Registrationwala.com is a leading legal consultancy firm providing comprehensive services relating to One Person Company to Private Limited Company.

So, take your first steps towards this conversion and reach out to us.

 

FAQs

Q. Can we convert OPC to Pvt Ltd Company in India?

A. The OPC to Private Limited conversion is possible in India through voluntary conversion. You can check the documentation section of this page to know about the process.

Q. How to convert OPC to Pvt Ltd company?

A.  The procedure for OPC to Pvt Ltd conversion is defined in the conversion process section of this page.

Q. Is the conversion of OPC to a Private Limited Company mandatory?

A. The OPC to Pvt Ltd conversion is not mandatory if the OPC's revenue remains below the defined limits by the MCA.

 Q. OPC vs. Pvt Ltd, which business model is better for single ownership?

A. OPC

Q. Can OPC be converted to Pvt Ltd Company?

A. Yes, the conversion of OPC into Private Company is possible through mandatory and voluntary avenues.

Q. What is the voluntary conversion of a One Person Company to Pvt Ltd Company?

A. The One Person Company to Private Limited Company voluntary conversion is the intended conversion of an OPC to the larger enterprise model. If a business, such as an OPC, wants to convert to a larger enterprise model, then it can avail of the Private Company model.

Q. Can OPC be converted into Private Limited Company?

A. Yes, you can convert an OPC into a Private Limited Company by using the procedure of voluntary conversion. If an OPC exceeds its limits of single ownership, then it must mandatorily convert itself into a Private Limited Company.

Q. How to convert OPC into Private Limited Company?

A. To know the process of conversion of One Person Company to Private Company, refer to the process section of this page.

Q. What is the voluntary conversion of OPC into Private Company?

A. The resolution for voluntary conversion of OPC to Private Company is passed by the Company’s Board to expand the business and invite funds into the firm.

Q. What is a One Person Limited Company?

A. One Person Company (OPC) is a business entity run by a sole owner with the benefit of limited liability. One Person Company is a separate legal entity from its members, offering protection to its shareholders.

Q. What are the draft documents for conversion of OPC to Private Company?

A. You can refer to this page's document section for all the required documentation.

Q. Can OPC be converted into Pvt Ltd Company?

A. Yes, the conversion of OPC to Private Company is possible through the voluntary conversion method.

Q. What is the mandatory conversion of OPC?

A. The conversion of One Person Company to a Private Limited Company becomes mandatory when

  • The paid capital of a One Person Company exceeds Rs.50 lakhs
  • Increase in the average annual turnover during the period of three consecutive financial years is Rs.2 crores.

 Q. Is the board resolution necessary for the conversion of OPC to Private Company?

A. Yes.

Q. What are One Person Company limits?

A. Paid-up capital of 50m lakhs

Q. Do we have to alter the MOA and AOA of OPC company for private conversion?

A. Yes, to convert OPC to Private Limited Company, the OPC must alter its existing MoA and AoA.

Q. Where can we get the list of OPC companies in India?

A. You can download it from the MCA website.

Q. Is OPC conversion to Private Company a good decision?

A. Yes, if the extent of the OPC private limited company cannot limit itself into its business structure, then the OPC must inflate to the private company business model.

Q. What is the document checklist of conversion of OPC into Private Limited Company?

A. You can refer to this page's document section for all the required documentation.

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