NLD and ILD: Points of Similarities and Differences You Need to Know

  • September 27, 2022
  • Dushyant Sharma
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The National Long Distance (NLD) and International Long Distance (ILD) licenses are the telecom permits required by Businesses to provide long-distance telecom service providers within the national and international borders of the country. The points of similarities between them are many, but differences are few to notice. In this article, we are looking at the combined effectiveness of both these long-distance services in providing Internet Connectivity

Similarities between NLDs and ILDs

NLD and ILD: Network Service Carriers

The National Long Distance (NLD) and International Long Distance (ILD) telecom services are provided for facilitating calls and text messages across National and International borders. NLD and ILD in Telecom services are network carriage services. They provide national as well as international cross-border connectivity. They also service the networks operated by both foreign and national carrier providers. Furthermore, both Telecom Service Providers (TSPs) encompass calls and messages originating and terminating from one country to another.

NLD and ILD: Mobile Integration

Because of increasing smartphone penetration, the NLD license and ILD license service providers are using mobile applications to integrate their services with traditional home phones. They also provide applications-based voice services.

Furthermore, these DoT-issued licensed service providers have enabled direct phone calls for National and International Long Distances with better call quality and competitive charges.

NLD and ILD: Drop in International Calls charges

Both these telecom services have skyrocketed due to increasing demand for long-distance connectivity and international communication services. In addition, ILD telecom services are being widely accepted because their usage yields decreased international call charges. Furthermore, with this extent of globalization, the demand for these services for business procedures has increased significantly.

Policy Restrictions on Telecom Services Provisions

Many factors drive the NLD and ILD Telecom Service market to the forecast period. But, government authorities in different nations have restricted policies over these telecom services. Therefore, the Department of Telecommunication (DoT) has set certain financial penalties for these services. The service market is also restrained by the cost incurred for setting up Getaway and Cable Landing Station and pricy licensing fees.

NLD and ILD Segmentation

One can segment the market of both telecom services based on the following:

  • Nature of Services
  • Network Usage
  • End-user
  • Geography

As per the nature of the services, NLD and ILD telecom markets are segmented into both. Both these telecom markets are segmented into Private and Third-party networks for network usage. And for end-user types, these telecom markets are segmented into Enterprise and consumer.

As per the geographical location, both telecom markets are segmented into the following continental areas:

  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia Pacific
  • South America
  • Middle East
  • Africa

Differences between NLD and ILD

The only difference between the NLD and ILD technological services lies in the extent of the geographical they can provide their services. An NLD telecom service provider provides carriage services on the national level, i.e., on an inter-provincial level. At the same time, the NLD telecom service provider provides carriage services across international borders. Also, as the ILDs cater to people across borders as well as on a transcontinental stretch, they become more effective in providing internet connectivity.


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Dushyant Sharma
Author: Dushyant Sharma

Hey there, I'm Dushyant Sharma. With the extensive knowledge I've gained in past 8 years, I have been creating content on various subjects such as banking, insurance, telecom, and all the important registration and licensing processes for various companies. I'm here to help everyone with my expertise in these areas through my articles.

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