A Complete Guide to register a Sole Proprietorship in Canada

  • March 23, 2023
  • Dushyant Sharma
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Looking to register a Sole Proprietorship in Canada and don't know the procedure? Well, you have come to the right place. Registrationwala has expertise in dealing with all kinds of Business Registration procedures pertaining to Canada. We provide a comprehensive roadmap to people on proceeding with the Proprietorship Registration procedure with the Canadian Corporate Authority. But let us first understand what a Sole proprietorship means in Canada.


Sole Proprietorship in Canada

What is a Sole Proprietorship in Canada? It is a non-formal business structure applicable in Canada. Most small and medium-sized shops and delis apply for the Sole Proprietorship business model. It is one of the most common business structures in Canada. Such a business possesses no separate legal entity from its owners. The Owner and Business are the same things. It does not pertain to any directives issued by the Corporate Authorities for other business structures, such as an LLC or a Partnership.


Steps to register a Sole Proprietorship in Canada

To register a Sole Proprietorship per Canadian Corporate norms, the applicant must follow these steps.

Step1: Choose a suitable name for your Sole Proprietorship in Canada

Select a name for your business that is unique, memorable, and reflects the nature of your business. You can conduct a name search to ensure that the name you have chosen is not already registered.

Step2: Apply for Sole Proprietorship Registration

In Canada, you can register your business with the federal government or the province or territory where you plan to conduct business. If you plan to operate your business in multiple provinces, you must register with each separately.

Step3: Obtain requisite Business permits for Commercial Operations

Depending on the type of business you plan to operate, you may need to obtain various licenses and permits, including the following:

  • Business License
  • Tax Registration Number
  • Industry-Specific Licenses
  • Industry-Specific certifications

Step4: Apply for Tax Registration with the IT Department

For tax purposes, you must register for a Business Number (BN) with the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA). You may also need to register for other taxes, such as the following:

  • Goods and Services Tax
  • Harmonized Sales Tax
  • Payroll Taxes

Step5: Open a Corporate Bank Account in Proprietorship's Name

You must open a separate bank account for your business transactions, keeping your personal and business finances separate. It will also make accounting and tax reporting easier.

Step6: Maintain Incorporation records at your official Facility

As a sole proprietor, you must keep detailed records of the following business transactions, thus aiding you in preparing tax returns and financial statements:

  • Income
  • Expenses
  • Receipts

Step7: Apply for essential Business Insurance for security from risks

Consider obtaining business insurance to protect yourself and your business from liability, property damage, and other risks.

In such ways, you can register your Sole Proprietorship in Canada.


Tax Implications for a Sole Proprietorship in Canada

After learning the business registration procedure in Canada, let us further understand a Proprietorship as per the Canadian Taxation Regime. The Canadian Authority treats the Proprietorship as well as the Proprietor as the same entity. And the revenue generated by the Sole Proprietorship is termed its income, and its owner Proprietor must file for taxes as per the Annual Income Tax filing procedure.

Such systems are used as a source of tax management for adopting the Proprietorship model for your small establishments as it aids in tax management.


Shortcomings of a Canadian Sole Proprietorship model

In a Sole Proprietorship, the losses incurred by the Firm are compensated by the revenue gained by the Proprietor. The Corporate Authority treats the Proprietorship's revenue the same as the Proprietor's. In short, for a Proprietorship model, the business owner is personally liable for all the incurred debts and liabilities of the Sole Proprietorship.

For more on the Business registration procedure applicable in Canada, connect with the Incorporation Experts in Canada.

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Dushyant Sharma
Author: Dushyant Sharma

Hey there, I'm Dushyant Sharma. With the extensive knowledge I've gained in past 8 years, I have been creating content on various subjects such as banking, insurance, telecom, and all the important registration and licensing processes for various companies. I'm here to help everyone with my expertise in these areas through my articles.

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