Corporate Identification Number (CIN) is a unique identification no. of 21 digits. This number is assigned by the Registrar of the Company according to the function of different states in Ministry of Corporate affairs, Govt. Of India. Every company should have unique CIN No. whenever a correspondence or data forms submitted to MCA which particularly in audits and reports.
CIN contains details such as approved name. It tracks all the details of the company from incorporation by the Registrar (ROC) and all the transaction of the ROC. CIN code is given irrespective of whether the company is a listed company, private limited company, public company or OPC.
Changes can be done in CIN
- Change in Company’s listing status.
- Change in the industry of the company.
- Change in company type from public limited to private limited or vice versa.
- Change in State where the registered office of the company is situated.
Feature in CIN Digits
CIN is not a natural or random number of 21 digits. It is a code given to the company having some vital information.
CIN Number is basically divided into 6 parts with some information about the Company in each part:
First Digit-This represents the listing status of the Company may be either listed or unlisted. If the company is listed then “L” will be mentioned and if ”U” then this shows the company is unlisted.
Next Five Digits-This represents the Industry Code depends on the business line chosen by the company. A particular Industry is chosen by in which the company intends to operate. This code is suitable according to the industry through which no. is allotted.
Next Two Digits –This represents the State Code of the State in which the registered office of the company is situated. Therefore, this code helps to know that the ROC is applicable with respect to the company. For Example: If the company has been registered in Gujarat, the Code would be “GJ”.
Next Four Digits-This represents the year of incorporation of the Company. Year of incorporation of the company can be identified by this no.
Next Three Digits-This represents the type of the company whether the company is Public Limited Company, Private Limited Company, Government of India Company, Centre, One person Company, Company of State Government (SGC), Section 8 Company or Not for Profit Limited.
Last Six Digits – These digits represents the ROC Registration Number of the company. These are the unique numbers given to every company at the time of incorporation by the ROC in which they are registering. The allocation depends upon this number.